CLOCK

by Jean Goulden (1878-1946)
France, 1928


14 3/16" high; 10 1/8" wide; 4 7/8" deep

Silvered bronze and colored champlevé enamel.

Inscribed JEAN GOULDEN LIV 1928.

During World War I, Jean Goulden was a physician on the front line in Macedonia. While there, he discovered the beauty of Byzantine enamel. Between 1923 and 1933, Goulden mastered the technique of champlevé enamelling. This unique clock is an Art Deco masterpiece exemplifying this technique and is one of only 190 objects created by Goulden. It exhibits pure cubism, a strong avant-garde influence on all the arts by the mid-1920s. Jean Dunand, Jean Goulden, Paul Jouve and François-Louis Schmied exhibited together at the Galerie Georges Petit between 1921 and 1932 - this was their most creative period.

Provenance:
Sotheby's Monaco, April 5, 1987, Lot #212.
Barry Friedman, New York
Maurice & Margo Cohen Collection, Detroit, Christie's New York, June 11, 1999, Lot #419.

Exhibited:
Art Deco: 1919-1939
Victoria and Albert Museum, London, March 27-July 20, 2003
Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, September 20, 2003-January 4, 2004
California Palace of the Legion of Honor, San Francisco, March 6-July 5, 2004
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, September 19, 2004-January 9, 2005

Literature:
Ken Johnson, “The Essence of Wit and Cool as Jazz,” New York Times, August 20, 2004.
Charlotte Benton, Tim Benton and Ghislaine Wood, eds., Art Deco 1910-1939, V&A Publications, London, 2003, p. 100.
Blake Gopnik, “When Modernism Left High Art High ‘n’ Dry,” The Japan Times, May 11, 2003.
Alan Riding, “Escapism in Sexy Streamlined Fun,” The New York Times, April 10, 2003.
Bernard Goulden, "Jean Goulden", Editions du Regard, Paris, 1989, p. 96 illus.; LIV in Catalogue Raisonne p. 149.

$3,000,000. - #74